Sunday, 18 August 2019, 10:50 PM
Site: e-Learning for Healthcare Professionals
Course: e-Learning for Healthcare Professionals (e-Learning for Healthcare Professionals)
Glossary: Global Glossary: Pharmacy Informatics
P

Patient data

Information about an individual patient and potentially relevant to decisions about her current or future health or illness. Patient data should be collected using methods that minimize systematic and random error.

Patient-centred medical home

An approach to providing comprehensive primary care in which a personal clinician takes responsibility for ongoing care of a patient and coordinates patient care across the continuum of the health care system.

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.

Permanent storage/memory

Data stored permanently in a computer (even when the power is turned off) so that the data can be used at some time in the future. Storage devices include hard disks, digital video disks, compact disks, and Universal Serial Bus (USB) flash drives.

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.

Personal Health Information

Information about an individual that identifies the individual, or that may be used or manipulated by a reasonably foreseeable method to identify the individual, or that may be linked by a reasonably foreseeable method to other information that identifies the individual; and that may include information related to the physical or mental health of the individual; the provision of health services to the individual; the registration of the individual for the provision of health services; the donation of any body part or bodily substance of the individual, or is derived from the testing or examination of any such body part or bodily substance; payments or eligibility for healthcare; a number, symbol or particular assigned to an individual to uniquely identify the individual for health system purposes; information that is collected in the course of the provision of health services to the individual; or registration and practice information about a health professional.

COACH

Personal Health Record (PHR)

A complete or partial health record under the custodianship of a person(s) (e.g. a patient or family member) that holds all or a portion of the relevant health information about that person over their lifetime. This is also a person-centric health record, but unlike the EHR, the patient has control or “custodianship” over the record, rather than the health care provider. (Canada Health Infoway, 2017)

This record may be maintained using electronic tools such as consumer Apps or web-based resources.

Paper to Electronic MedRec Implementation Toolkit, 2nd Edition

Pharmaceutical supply chain

The means through which prescription medications are delivered to patients. The major players are pharmaceutical manufacturers, wholesale distributors, pharmacists, and pharmacy benefit managers.

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.

Pharmacy Informatics

Use and integration of data, information, knowledge, technology, and automation in the medication use process for the purpose of improving health outcomes.

Building Core Competencies in Pharmacy Informatics, APhA 2010

Pharmacy Practice Management System (PPMS)

An electronic system that supports the provision of pharmacy patient care as defined through NAPRA standards of professional practice. A PPMS facilitates the recording, use and disclosure of electronic pharmacy records and reporting on these records.

Note: PPMS capabilities need not be embedded in a single, monolithic software program. PPMS functionality may be provided by a combination of software packages, tools and IT services that together function as a coherent system.

NAPRA

 

Prescriber

The health practitioner who has the legal authority for ordering medications.  

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.

Primary key

A unique identifier for a database record that allows one or more applications to access, organize and retrieve data. For example, a medical record number is a likely primary key in a patient table.

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.

Primary Medication History

A medication history taken at the time of admission using various sources of information, including patient/family interviews, review of medication lists/vials, or follow-up with the community pharmacy or family physician.

Canadian Patient Safety Institute and ISMP Canada (2017). Medication Reconciliation in Acute Care Getting Started Kit, version 4. 

Privacy

(1) The right to be free from intrusion and interruption. It is linked with other fundamental rights such as freedom and personal autonomy. In relation to information, privacy involves the right of individuals to determine when, how and to what extent they share information about themselves with others.

(2) Freedom from intrusion into the private life or affairs of an individual when that intrusion results from undue or illegal gathering and use of information about that individual.

(3) The right of individuals to live free of intrusive monitoring of their personal affairs by third parties not of their choosing.

(4) The claim of individuals, groups or institutions to determine for themselves when, how and to what extent information about them is communicated to others.

COACH

Privacy Breach

A confirmed unauthorized or illegal use or disclosure of personal or personal health information.

COACH

Provider Registry

Provider Registry / Registres des prestateurs

A system or a combination of systems where a health care provider's information (i.e. name, address, practice licenses, etc) is securely stored, maintained and made available to other systems and users.

Canada Health Infoway, EHRS Bueprint Version 2