Global Glossary: Pharmacy Informatics


One of our goals of the project was to create a glossary. Throughout the e-Resource, terms have been "enabled". By choosing a highlighted term, a definition will appear. We welcome any suggestions you have for items to include. You may also comment below terms as they appear.

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B

Bandwidth

A measure of the ability to carry data (bits) over time (a second). 

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.


Bar Code Medication Administration (BCMA)

An inpatient clinical decision support system to assist caregivers with the five rights of medication administration (right patient, right drug, right dose, right route and right time). BCMA systems provide warnings if any of the five rights are compromised, and many BCMA systems require the nurse to enter an override reason if he/she chooses to proceed. In addition, BCMA systems promote right documentation (some hospitals call this the sixth right of medication administration).

 

Dumitru, Doina. The Pharmacy Informatics Primer. Ist ed. Bethesda, MD: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, 2009. 


Bar-coding at the Point of Care (BPOC)

A process in which the patient and various patient therapies are documented with a bar code scanner at the bedside.

 

Dumitru, Doina. The Pharmacy Informatics Primer. Ist ed. Bethesda, MD: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, 2009. 


Barcode

A series of vertical lines and spaces of varying widths that encode data to be scanned and decoded through a computer.

 

Dumitru, Doina. The Pharmacy Informatics Primer. Ist ed. Bethesda, MD: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, 2009. 


Benefits evaluation

An assessment of the impact, benefit or change resulting from participation in an initiative, program or effort.

 

Canada Health Infoway. A Framework and Toolkit for Managing eHealth Change: People and Processes


Benefits realization

Benefits realization is the process of achieving objectives, which generally includes three components: (1) Articulation of the benefits; (2) Identification of key assumptions or conditions, and development of action plans to address them; and (3) Measurement against these objectives.

 

Canada Health Infoway. A Framework and Toolkit for Managing eHealth Change: People and Processes


Best Possible Medication Discharge Plan

A comprehensive plan that must account for new medications started in the hospital, new medications started on discharge, preadmission and hospital medications held during the hospital stay, and automatic hospital formulary substitutions, as well as discontinued, adjusted, and unchanged preadmission drugs.

Canadian Patient Safety Institute and ISMP Canada (2017). Medication Reconciliation in Acute Care Getting Started Kit, version 4


Best Possible Medication History

Consists of a systematic process of interviewing the patient/family and reviewing at least one other reliable source of information to obtain and verify all of a patient’s medication use (prescribed and non-prescribed). 

Canadian Patient Safety Institute and ISMP Canada (2017). Medication Reconciliation in Acute Care Getting Started Kit, version 4


Bioinformatics

Application of informatics to cellular and molecular biology. 

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.


Biomedical and health informatics

Optimal use of information, often aided by the use of technology, to improve individual health, health care, public health, and biomedical research. 

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.


Breach of Information Security

An action by an authorized or unauthorized user that results in a negative impact, or causes interruption, disclosure, unauthorized access, modification, destruction or denial of service.  An information security breach is sometimes referred to as an information security incident.

 

COACH


Broadcast media

Telecommunication media that include infrared, radio, microwave, cellular, and satellite.

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.