Global Glossary: Pharmacy Informatics


One of our goals of the project was to create a glossary. Throughout the e-Resource, terms have been "enabled". By choosing a highlighted term, a definition will appear. We welcome any suggestions you have for items to include. You may also comment below terms as they appear.

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E

e-Booking

Allows patients to book appointments online by choosing a date and time, and receive appointment confirmations and reminders electronically, without interacting with another person


e-Prescribing

e-Prescribing/Ordonnance électronique

A means of streamlining the prescription process by enabling prescriptions to be created, signed, and transmitted electronically.

Health Canada, Policy Statement on e-Prescribing

The secure electronic creation and transmission of a prescription between an authorized prescriber and a patient's pharmacy of choice, using clinical Electronic Medical Record (EMR) and pharmacy management software.

Joint Statement (Canadian Medical Association and Canadian Pharmacists Association, 2012)

 

 


e-Prescription Signing

Whatever is determined to be necessary to authenticate and validate the order in that pharmacists must have a high degree of certainty that the identified practitioner (in the electronic message) has ordered the prescription.

Health Canada, Policy Statement on e-Prescribing


e-Requests for Prescription Renewals or Refills

Electronic requests by patients for the renewal or refilling of their prescription medication, sent to a regulated health care provider


e-Views

Electronic viewing by a patient or their caregiver (with appropriate consent) of their personal health information, such as laboratory test results


e-Visits

Private, secure and digital two-way interactions between a patient and their health care provider available from the patient’s home


Early Adopters

Those who are opinion leaders in most social systems (respectable).

 

Canada Health Infoway. A Framework and Toolkit for Managing eHealth Change: People and Processes


Early Majority

Those who adopt new ideas just before the average member of a social system (deliberate).

 

Canada Health Infoway. A Framework and Toolkit for Managing eHealth Change: People and Processes


Electronic Health Record (EHR)

Electronic Health Record (EHR) / Dossier de santé électroniques (DSE)

An electronic health record (EHR) refers to the systems that make up the secure and private lifetime record of a person's health and health care history. These systems store and share such information as lab results, medication profiles, key clinical reports (e.g., hospital discharge summaries), diagnostic images (e.g., X-rays), and immunization history. The information is available electronically to authorized health care providers.

(Canada Health Infoway, 2017) 


Electronic Medical Record (EMR)

Electronic Medical Record (EMR) / Dossiers médicaux électroniques (DME)

An electronic medical record (EMR) is an office-based system that enables a health care professional, such as a family doctor, to record the information gathered during a patient's visit. This information might include a person's weight, blood pressure and clinical information, and would previously have been hand-written and stored in a file folder in a doctor's office. Eventually the EMR will also allow the doctor to access information about a patient's complete health record, including information from other health care providers that is stored in the EHR.

(Canada Health Infoway, 2017) 


Electronic Medication Administration Record (eMAR)

An electronic record of a patient’s medication administration history. 

Paper to Electronic MedRec Implementation Toolkit, 2nd Edition 


Electronic Medication Reconciliation (eMedRec)

Use of electronic tools or Health IT to perform medication reconciliation.

Paper to Electronic MedRec Implementation Toolkit, 2nd Edition


Electronic Patient Record (EPR)

A computer-based clinical data system designed to replace paper patient records.


Electronic Pharmacy Record (EPhR)

A general term describing computer-based patient records used in the practice of pharmacy, The EPhR is the record created in the PPMS including information about a patient, care decisions made by pharmacy professionals, and services provided by pharmacy professionals (record of care).

NAPRA


Electronic prescribing

See also e-Prescribing.

A means of streamlining the prescription process by enabling prescriptions to be created, signed, and transmitted electronically.

Health Canada, Policy Statement on e-Prescribing

The secure electronic transmission from the authorized prescriber of a prescription to a patient's pharmacy of choice, integrated with pharmacy software.

National e-Pharmacy Task Force, 2009

The secure electronic creation and transmission of a prescription between an authorized prescriber and a patient's pharmacy of choice, using clinical Electronic Medical Record (EMR) and pharmacy management software.

Canadian Medical Association and Canadian Pharmacists Association e-Prescribing Working Group

The electronic processing of a prescription that begins with the prescriber entering the prescription directly into an electronic format, followed by all required parties verifying and processing the e-prescription in an electronic format. The final result is a labeled medication product, supportive documentation, and updated sharable patient electronic medication profile.

 Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.


eMedRec Tool

A computerized tool to help support the MedRec processes. eMedRec tools are used to compare BPMH to orders and identify discrepancies by displaying medication lists and providing options to select whether to hold, continue, change or discontinue medications. eMedRec tools may be linked to CPOE so that orders can be made, modified or discontinued taking into account medication reconciliation

Paper to Electronic MedRec Implementation Toolkit, 2nd Edition


Encryption

The process of mathematically converting information to render it unintelligible without a key to decode it.

COACH
 


Evidence threshold

In clinical decision support systems, the minimum amount of evidence that should exist to substantiate presenting a drug-related problem to a pharmacist.

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.


Evidence-based medicine

The conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.


Expressed Consent

Voluntary agreement with what is being done or proposed that is unequivocal and does not require any inference on the part of the patient.

COACH