Global Glossary: Pharmacy Informatics


One of our goals of the project was to create a glossary. Throughout the e-Resource, terms have been "enabled". By choosing a highlighted term, a definition will appear. We welcome any suggestions you have for items to include. You may also comment below terms as they appear.

Browse the glossary using this index

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H

Hard Stop

The requirement that MedRec steps be completed and is enforced by the eMedRec system (e.g., the user cannot proceed until required actions regarding medication decision making have been made). 

Paper to Electronic MedRec Implementation Toolkit, 2nd Edition


Harm

In an evidence-based clinical question, ascertainment of the effects of potentially harmful agents on patient-important outcomes.

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.


Health 2.0

A health care concept that uses a specific set of Web tools to provide better health education, promote collaboration between patients and providers, and help providers deliver desired health outcomes.

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.


Health informatics (medical informatics)

The study and application of methods to improve the management of patient data, medical knowledge, population data and other information relevant to patient care and community health. Branches of health informatics include bioinformatics, clinical informatics, consumer health informatics, and public health informatics

Greens RA, Shortliffe EH. Medical informatics: an emerging academic discipline and institutional priority. JAMA 1990;263:1114-20.


Health information exchange

The electronic movement of health-related information among organizations according to national recognized standards.

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.


Health information management (HIM)

Discipline historically focusing on medical record management (in a paper environment); as medical records transition to digital, HIM has begun to overlap with informatics.

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.


Health Information Network

The actual connection that allows for the private and secure transfer of personal health information among health care providers, community service providers, Regional Health Authorities (RHAs) and other authorized persons.

Newfoundland and Labrador Centre for Health Information


Health Information System (HIS)

An information system that processes healthcare data

Paper to Electronic MedRec Implementation Toolkit, 2nd Edition


Health Information Technology (HIT)

A broad concept that describes the use of computer hardware, software, or infrastructure to record, store, protect, and retrieve clinical, administrative, or financial information.

Examples of Health IT include: electronic health records, personal health records, electronic medical records, and electronic prescribing (e-Prescribing). 

Paper to Electronic MedRec Implementation Toolkit, 2nd Edition


Health Level 7 (HL7) standard

A human-readable messaging standard that exists to move patient information between disparate information systems. “Level Seven” refers to the seventh level (i.e., application level) of the Open Systems Interconnection model developed by the International Organization for Standardization.

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.


Hierarchical database

Database model that uses a parent-child relations in which a parent record may have multiple child records, but each child record has a single parent. This model is organized in an inverted tree manner, in which data access starts at the top and moves down “limbs” of the tree.

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.


Hierarchy of evidence

In evidence-based medicine, a system of classifying and organizing types of evidence, typically for questions about treatment and prevention.

 

Fox BI, Thrower MR and Felkey BG. Building core competencies in pharmacy informatics. 1st ed. Washington, DC: American Pharmacists Association, 2010.


Human factors

Physical, mental or behavioral properties of people that may have critical influence on how people interact with technological systems, organizations or their environment.

 

Dumitru, Doina. The Pharmacy Informatics Primer. Ist ed. Bethesda, MD: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, 2009.